Daily Archives: December 18, 2015

Tips for Safe Home Medication Storage and Use

Medicines are the key to promoting and restoring our health when our health deteriorates in any manner. Due to this we have to store many medications both prescription and over the counter in our home. But if these medicines are stored in an in appropriate manner it can cause unexpected consequences. So here are some tips to safely store and use these medicines at home.

Medicine Storage

1.Store in a cool, dry place – While it varies by manufacturer, this rule stands true for most medications. A few simple storage locations might be in a medicine cabinet, on top of a dresser or on a designated shelf. If you have children, be sure to keep medications up high and out of reach. Warm and humid conditions, such as in the bathroom drawers, often speed up the breaking down of the medication.  On rare occasion, improperly stored medications can become toxic.

2. Keep away from light – Light can degrade medication more quickly than intended, so it’s important you don’t store medication in light-filled places such as a windowsill or under powerful indoor lighting.

3. Check the expiration date – Whether it’s an over-the-counter or prescription medication, old pills degrade over time and can cause a bacteria imbalance when consumed. Most medication expires after one year, so use this as a rule of thumb when revisiting old pills and check the expiry date on the medicine before consuming any stored medicines. Never use a medication that has changed color, texture, or odor, even if it has not expired. Throw away capsules or tablets that stick together, are harder or softer than normal, or are cracked or chipped.

4. Do not Transfer the content of your medicine – Always keep medicines in their original container. Transferring specially liquid medicines in other container can infect the medicine in the process. Also, don’t leave the cotton plug in a medicine bottle. This can draw moisture into the container.

5. Do not flush – When disposing of expired, discolored, or unused prescription medications, be mindful of proper disposal practices by throwing medications away in the household trash or through your community’s medication disposal program. One of the easiest options is to take your unused or expired medications to your pharmacy and they will dispose of them properly. Flushing or pouring medication down the drain harms the environment, as sewage systems are not capable of removing medicines from the water released into lakes, rivers and oceans.

Medicine Use

1. Note the warning label – Even if you’ve taken the medication for years, it’s always a good idea to look at the warning label for consumption directions, as your doctor may have altered your dosage or the manufacturer slightly changed the consumption directions.

2. Consuming liquids is not the same as consuming water – If the label instructs you to consume with water, be careful not to consume with other beverages. Juices and acidic drinks can cause the medication to break down faster than normal and hot drinks, such as coffee or tea, cause coated pills to melt too quickly in the stomach – not the intestine, where it’s intended to break down. This may produce side effects as harmful as stomach ulcers.

3. Don’t lose the dropper – It might seem the same to use a household spoon with liquid medication, but the dropper or spoon provided by the pharmacy has been measured specifically for your intended dosage. Research shows that silverware teaspoons can vary between one to nine milliliters dependent upon design, making them an unreliable tool for medication.

4. Children are not small adults – If a medication is intended for adult consumption only, keep in mind that it cannot simply be given to children in smaller doses. Instead, seek a medication specifically designed for children.

5. Medicine is not candy – Although referring to medicine as “candy” around children might be a tempting tactic to entice them to take it, parents should be wary of what might happen when they are not around. Children can easily get a hold of medication, consume large amounts and overdose.

6. Your pharmacist is your friend – Don’t forget that your pharmacist is an expert. When in doubt about the safety of consuming a medication for any given reason, your pharmacist is there to answer your questions.






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16 Tips to Prevent Tuberculosis(TBC)

1. Avoid contact with infected person
A person with active TB is infective. They become non-infective after a few weeks of treatment. Avoid close contact with a person, who is diagnosed with TB, until he or she becomes non-infective.

2. Enhance your immunity
Work on improving your immunity by including diet rich in antioxidants. Have at least 4-5 servings of fresh vegetables and fruits every day. If you cannot eat it due to certain practical constraints, make sure you take your daily dose of antioxidants/multivitamins after consulting your doctor. Antioxidants help fight free radicals produced in the body due to any kind of disease/stress and help in cell repair.

3. Keep a tab on your protein intake
Include at least 2 good servings of protein in your daily diet. They are the building blocks of all our cells and help in cell repair too.

4. Consume a healthy, nutrient-rich meal
Do not go on a low-carbohydrate diet. You require a good mix of all the elements of food to be healthy. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and fats all have their place in maintaining your immune system.

5. Make it a habit to exercise regularly
Get your daily exercise. Walk regularly for atleast 45 minutes at the least. The improved circulation improves your immunity. Here are top 8 reasons to start exercising today.

6. Try meditation to improve your quality of life
Set aside a few minutes for meditation every day. This reduces your daily stress which directly has a bearing on the condition of your immune system.

7. Always maintain proper hygiene and sanitation
Maintain good hygiene, wherever you are. Washing hands with a good disinfectant soap often is a very under-valued habit. These days, when your exposure to diseases is at one of the highest levels, you just cannot neglect this simple habit.

8. Vaccination
Vaccination with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine in children can prevent severe tuberculosis in children. It is given in countries where TB is common. Vaccination with BCG vaccine isn’t recommended for general use in countries such as United States as the vaccine is not effective in preventing TB in adults and can cause a false-positive result on a TB skin test.

9. Adhere to medication (NEVER stop course of drugs midway)
Dr Kapil Salgia, consultant pulmonologist says, ‘When people don’t adhere to the prescription (medications), it gives an opportunity to TB bacteria to develop resistance to the drugs. When these resistant bacilli are expelled into air, they can be taken in by healthy individuals. This in turn leads to increase in the number of people suffering from multiple drug resistant TB (MDR TB).’ Hence, makes sure that the prescribed course of treatment is completed. Read about latest treatment for extremely drug-resistant TB could be the answer to a TB-free India

10. Stay away from stress
You may not be aware of the fact that being stressed out increases your risk of suffering from a wide range of health complications including tuberculosis. This is the reason, why you should stay away from stress. Here are 5 everyday practices that can help you out.

11. Get your daily dose of sleep
Suffering from sleepless nights is not uncommon in today’s life. However, getting your daily dose of sleep is important to stay healthy and prevent diseases. Staying way from food that hinders your sleep is as important as eating foods that help you restore your sleep cycle. Here are few tips you can count on for a good night’s sleep.

12. Stay at home
A few weeks are needed after start of treatment to become non-infective. During this period, don’t go to work or school or sleep in a room with other people. Consult your doctor to know the time needed to become non-infective.

13. Ventilate the room
Mycobacterium tuberculosis spreads more easily in small closed spaces or rooms that are not well ventilated. Keep the windows open and use a fan to keep the room ventilated.

14. Cover your mouth
When you laugh, sneeze or cough, use tissue paper to cover your mouth. The dirty tissue should be put in a bag and sealed before disposing it off in a dust bin.

15. Wear a mask
Wear a surgical mask to prevent the spread of germ when you’re around other people during the first three weeks of treatment. This can reduce the spread of infection.

16. Take your medications
Taking medications as recommended makes you non-infective in a few weeks. It not only prevents others from getting infected but also stops the progression of disease and cures you.


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