Daily Archives: December 21, 2015

Pneumonia Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Preventions

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. It is characterized primarily by inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs or by alveoli that are filled with fluid (alveoli are microscopic sacs in the lungs that absorb oxygen).

At times a very serious condition, pneumonia can make a person very sick or even cause death. Although the disease can occur in young and healthy people, it is most dangerous for older adults, babies, and people with other diseases or impaired immune systems.

Bacteria and viruses are the primary causes of pneumonia. When a person breathes pneumonia-causing germs into his lungs and his body’s immune system cannot otherwise prevent entry, the organisms settle in small air sacs called alveoli and continue multiplying. As the body sends white blood cells to attack the infection, the sacs become filed with fluid and pus – causing pneumonia.

Pneumonia has bacterial, viral, fungal, and other primary causes

The general symptoms of bacterial pneumonia can develop quickly and may include:
1. chest pain
2. shaking chills
3. fever
4. dry cough
5. wheezing
6. muscle aches
7. nausea
8. vomiting
9. rapid breathing
10. rapid heartbeat
11. difficulty breathing

Pneumonia Diagnosed
Pneumonia can be easily overlooked as the cause of an illness because it often resembles a cold or the flu. However, it usually lasts longer and symptoms seem more severe than these other conditions.

A pneumonia diagnosis usually begins with a physical exam and a discussion about your symptoms and medical history. A doctor may suspect pneumonia if they hear coarse breathing, wheezing, crackling sounds, or rumblings when listening to the chest through a stethoscope.

Chest x-rays and blood tests may be ordered to confirm a pneumonia diagnosis. A chest x-ray can confirm pneumonia and determine its location and extent in the lungs. Blood tests measure white blood cell count to determine the severity of pneumonia and can be used to determine whether the infection is bacterial, viral, fungal, etc. An analysis of sputum also can be used to determine the organism that is causing the pneumonia.

A more invasive diagnostic tool is the bronchoscopy – a procedure whereby the patient is under anesthesia and a thin, flexible, and lighted tube is inserted into the nose or mouth to directly examine the infected parts of the lung.

Pneumonia Treatment
Pneumonia treatments depend on the type of pneumonia and the severity of symptoms. Bacterial pneumonias are usually treated with antibiotics, whereas viral pneumonias are treated with rest and plenty of fluids. Fungal pneumonias are usually treated with antifungal medications.

Over-the-counter medications are also commonly prescribed to better manage pneumonia symptoms. These include treatments for reducing fever, reducing aches and pains, and suppressing coughs. In addition, it is important to get plenty of rest and sleep and drink lots of fluids.

Hospitalization for pneumonia may be required if symptoms are especially bad or a patient has a weakened immune system or other serious illness. At the hospital, patients generally are treated with intravenous antibiotics and possibly put on oxygen.

Pneumonia prevention
There are several ways to prevent pneumonia. There are two vaccines that are available to prevent pneumococcal disease (the bacterial infection that is the most common cause of pneumonia): pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar) and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (Pneumovax).

Prevnar is generally administered as part of the normal infant immunization procedure and is recommended for children less than 2 years of age or between two and four years with certain medical conditions.

Pneumovax is provided for adults who are at increased risk of developing pneumococcal pneumonia, such as the elderly, diabetics, those with chronic heart, lung, or kidney disease, alcoholics, smokers, and those without a spleen. The pneumonia vaccine may not completely prevent older adults from getting pneumonia, but it can reduce the severity of a future pneumonia.

In addition to vaccinations, physicians recommend that people wash hands, refrain from smoking, eat healthfully, exercise, and stay away from sputum or cough particles from others with pneumonia.


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Causes and Symptoms of Tapeworms


Tapeworms, or cestodes, are intestinal parasites; they are worms that are flattened like a tape measure. A tapeworm cannot live freely on its own – it survives within the gut (intestine) of an animal, including a human.

A parasite is an animal or plant that lives in a host; another animal or plant.

Tapeworm eggs generally enter the human host from animals through ingested food, especially raw or undercooked meat. Humans can also become infected if there is contact with animal stools or contaminated water. When an infection is passed from an animal to a human it is called zoonosis.

Common symptoms of tapeworm infection
Symptoms of infection with tapeworm usually involve the digestive system and include:
1. Abdominal pain
2. Loss of appetite
3. Malaise
4. Nausea, which may be described as feelings of wooziness, queasiness, retching, sea-sickness, car-sickness, or an upset stomach
5. Passing of tapeworm segments in the stool or by vomiting
6. Presence of tapeworm segments in the stool
7. Unexplained weight loss
8. Weakness (loss of strength)

Invasive infection signs and symptoms
If the tapeworm larvae made their way out of the intestines and formed cysts in tissues elsewhere in the body, there is a risk of tissue damage. The following symptoms may be possible:

1. Fever
2. Abdominal pain or discomfort
3. Jaundice
4. Cystic lumps or masses
5. An allergic reaction to larvae
6. Bacterial infections
7. Seizures and other neurological symptoms
8. Blindness
9. Intracranial pressure (pressure inside the skull.
10. Signs and symptoms will depend on what type of tapeworm it is, how severe the infection is, and which tissues (which part of the body) are infected.


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18 home remedies for Gastric

1. Turmeric leaves
Turmeric leaves are one of the best remedies for gas. Drink chopped turmeric leaves mixed with a one cup of milk daily for better results.

2. Guava leaves
Take guava leaves and boil them in water. Once they come to a boil strain the leaves and drink the water. This is a simple remedy for gastric problems

3. Potato juice
Another best cure for stomach gas is potato juice. Take potato juice and drink about ½ cup of it before your meal. Repeat this three times a day for best results

4. Ginger
Ginger is an effective remedy for gastric trouble. It is best for treating indigestion as well. In order to prevent the stomach gas from getting formed, chew fresh ginger after your meals on a regular basis. Otherwise you can drink the mixture of water with a generous pinch of ginger powder, a small pinch of rock salt and asafoetida. You can even add fresh or dried ginger to your food. One of the best ways to control gas formation is to drink ginger tea, as it promotes proper digestion and prevents gas.

5. Fennel Seeds
While suffering from gas and indigestion due to spicy or fatty food, having fennel seeds can help cure your problem. The oil contained in fennel seeds reduces nausea and controls flatulence. Dry, roast and grind fennel seeds to make a powder. Take half teaspoon of this powder twice a day along with water. You will see some results.

6. Black Pepper
During the condition of lack of hydrochloric acid in our stomach black pepper can be very effective to cure the problem. Black pepper can increase the flow of gastric juices and thus help in digestion. Powdered black pepper with crushed jaggery can be taken along buttermilk during indigestion. Or a fine powder of black pepper, dried mint leaves, ginger powder and coriander seeds, all taken in equal amounts, can be consumed twice a day (one teaspoon) to treat gas and indigestion.

7. Cloves
The dried flower buds of Eugenia aromatic, clove is known to have a number of medicinal and culinary uses. Cloves can increase gut motility and gastrointestinal secretions thus helping in digestion and curing gas and indigestion problems. Pieces of cloves can be directly consumed or clove oil can be used to get rid of stomach irritability.

8. Baking soda
Baking soda gives instant relief from gas. Drink 1/4 tsp of baking soda mixed with a glass of water. This water solution is one of the most conventional remedies for stomach gas. It can be used as an efficient antacid.

9. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is another effective natural remedy for a number of health conditions. It gives instant relief from stomach gas and also helps you treat indigestion. Take a glass of warm water and add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and let the mixture cool to room temperature. Now drink it to get instantaneous relief from your gastric problem. It also leaves a soothing effect on the stomach. You can use normal vinegar if apple cider vinegar is not available.

10. Onion
Onion juice will help you get rid of stomach gas, but avoid eating any vegetables that cause gas

11. Brandy
Two teaspoons of brandy mixed to a glass of warm water will help you get relief from gas. Drink this solution daily before going to sleep.

12. Dill oil
Dill oil has some good properties that help you get rid for gas. Consume 1 teaspoon of honey mixed with a drop of Dill oil after every meal, to get relief from stomach gas trouble. Pregnant women should not use dill oil.

13. Celery
You can get fast relief from stomach gas by chewing celery leaves

14. Charcoal
Charcoal tablets are another simple home remedy for gas trouble by attracting the excess gas present in the intestine. Consuming one charcoal tablet before and after your meal will help you in subsiding acidity and gas. This method is not recommended for children below 12 yrs of age.

15. Buttermilk
Buttermilk is a wonder remedy when it comes to treating indigestion and gas. It is easier to digest than milk and contains more lactic acid. Buttermilk is already recommended to keep yourself cool in harsh summers and its digestive benefits just give you another reason to drink up a glass of buttermilk.

16. Herbal tea
People drinking herbal tea right after a heavy meal used to confuse me. If you have already ate heavy then why would you consume something more? But herbal teas work effectively in easing digestion. Mint, raspberry and blackberry tea can be taken after a heavy meal to reduce indigestion. Peppermint and chamomile work as great stomach pain relievers too. One can dip a herbal tea bag in warm water and enjoy the warm herbal tea. Fresh mint leaves or dried chamomile flowers can also be dipped in water.

17. Lemon
This tangy little citrus fruit is known to have a lot of health benefits. Preventing and curing indigestion is one of them. Mixed with hot water, lemon juice can help you get rid of nausea, heartburn and belching. It acts as a blood purifier, as a cleansing agent and stimulates digestion by helping the body to produce bile juices. Drinking fresh lemon water first thing in morning can help you prevent many kinds of digestive disorders and have a healthy digestive system.

18. Warm water
Oh yes! Besides being the most used solvent to other herbs and spices, warm water alone can also get you some immediate relief from gas and indigestion. It helps cleaning our body by flushing out all the toxins present and also breaks down the food to make it easier for our body to digest it. Having a glass of warm water in morning is a healthy practice and will keep your digestive system on track. Also having warm water after meals proves to be beneficial for your stomach.


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