• सुत्नुभन्दा अगाडि एक गिलास दुध पिउनुका फाइदा जानी राखौं

    दुध पिउनु स्वास्थ्यको लागि निकै फाइदाजनक मानिन्छ बिहानको तुलनामा राती दुध पिउँदा थुप्रै हर्मोनले प्रभावकारी रुपमा काम गर्दछ

    यसकारण राती दुध पिउनुपर्छः
    दुधमा ट्रिप्टोफेन नामको तत्व पाइन्छ जसले शरिरलाई रिल्याक्स बनाउँछ राती सुत्नुभन्दा पहिले दुध पिउँदा मिठो निन्द्रा लाग्छ । राती दुध पिउँदा मेटाबोलिजमको प्रक्रिया तीब्र हुन्छ जसका कारण तौल तीब्र रुपमा कम हुन्छ । बिहानको समयमा दुध पिउँदा कब्जियत हुनसक्छ त्यसकारण विशेषज्ञ पनि राती दुध पिउने सल्लाह दिन्छन्

    मिठो निन्द्रा लाग्नमा सहयोगीः
    दुधमा पाइने ट्रिप्टोफेन नामक एमिनो एसिडले दिमागलाई शान्त बनाएर तनाव हटाउँछ निन्द्रा राम्रो लाग्न सहयोग गर्दछ

    पाचन क्रिया राम्रो बनाउन सहयोगीः
    दुधमा पाइने पानीलेडाइजेस्टिभ ट्र्याकको सफाई गरेर बेलुका खाएको मसालेदार खानालाई पचाउन सहयोग गर्दछ

    स्ट्रोकबाट बचाउँछ
    जापानमा भएको सोधका अनुसार दुधमा पाइने क्याल्सियमले स्ट्रोकबाट बचाउँछ

    रक्तचाप नियन्त्रणः
    दुधमा पाइने क्याल्सियम, पोटासियम म्याग्नेसियम जस्ता मिनरल्सले रक्तचापलाई नियन्त्रण गरेर उच्च रक्तचापको समस्याबाट जोगाउँछ

    मांसपेशी बनाउनः
    दुधमा सेसिन ह्वे प्रोटिन हुन्छ जसले मांसपेशीलाई बलियो बनाउँछ बडि बिल्डिङका लागि यिनै प्रोटिनको प्रयोग हुन्छ

    बलियो हड्डीः
    एक ग्लास दुधमा पुरुषको दैनिक आवश्यक पर्ने ३७ प्रतिशत क्याल्सिम हुन्छ यसले हड्डी बलियो हुन्छ

    ऊर्जावान् ताजाः
    दुधमा पाइने क्याल्सियम, सोडियम पोटासियम जस्ता इलेक्ट्रोलाइट्सले शरिरलाई ऊर्जावान् ताजा राख्न सहयोग गर्दछ

    फ्याट बर्निङः
    दुधमा पाइने क्याल्सियम, मिल्क प्राटिन्ससँग मिलेर फ्याट बर्निङ प्रक्रियालाई तीब्र बनाउँछ यसले मोटोपनाबाट पनि बचाउँछ

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  • Malaria: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

    Malaria is a life-threatening blood disease caused by parasites transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Once an infected mosquito bites a human and transmits the parasites, those parasites multiply in the host’s liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells. Malaria is usually found in tropical and subtropical climates where the parasites that cause it live. Congenital malaria occurs when a mother with malaria passes on the disease to her baby at birth.

    The disease can be controlled and treated if diagnosed early on. Unfortunately, this is not possible in some areas of the world lacking in medical facilities, where malaria outbreaks can occur.

    Researchers are working hard on improving the prevention of malarial infection, early diagnosis and treatment, with just one malaria vaccine close to being licensed so far.

    What is malaria?
    Derived from the Italian word for “bad air,” it was originally thought swamp fumes in Rome were the cause of malaria, as outbreaks were a regular occurrence there.
    If left untreated, malaria can be fatal due to the fast reproduction of the parasite within a host’s bloodstream.
    There are more than 100 types of Plasmodium parasites, 5 which can infect a variety of species. Scientists have identified five types that specifically infect humans, they are:

    • P. falciparum – located worldwide in tropical and suburban areas, but predominately in Africa. An estimated 1 million people are killed by this strain every year. The strain can multiply rapidly and can adhere to blood vessel walls in the brain, causing rapid onset of severe malaria including cerebral malaria.
    • P. vivax – located in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, it is arguably the most widespread due to the high population of Asia. This strain has a dormant liver stage that can activate and invade the blood after months or years, causing many patients to relapse.
    • P. ovale – located mainly in West Africa, it is biologically and morphologically very similar to P. vivax. However, unlike P. vivax, this strain can affect individuals who are negative with the Duffy blood group, which is the case for many residents of sub-Saharan Africa. This explains the greater prevalence of P. ovale (rather than P. vivax) in most of Africa.
    • P. malariae – located worldwide and the only human malaria parasite to have a three-day cycle. If left untreated, P. malariae can cause a long-lasting, chronic infection that can last a lifetime and which may cause the nephrotic syndrome.
    • P. knowlesi – located in Southeast Asia and associated with macaques (a type of monkey). This strain has a 24 hour cycle and can, therefore, multiply rapidly once a patient is infected, causing an uncomplicated case to become serious very quickly. Fatal cases of infection with this strain have been reported.


    Causes of malaria:
    Malaria is caused by the bites from the female Anopheles mosquito, which then infects the body with the parasite Plasmodium. This is the only mosquito that can cause malaria.

    The successful development of the parasite within the mosquito depends on several factors, the most important being humidity and ambient temperatures.

    When an infected mosquito bites a human host, the parasite enters the bloodstream and lays dormant within the liver. For the next 5-16 days, the host will show no symptoms but the malaria parasite will begin multiplying asexually.7

    The new malaria parasites are then released back into the bloodstream when they infect red blood cells and again begin to multiply. Some malaria parasites, however, remain in the liver and are not released until later, resulting in recurrence.

    An unaffected mosquito becomes infected once it feeds on an infected individual, thus beginning the cycle again.

    The video below from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute visualizes how a single bite from an infected mosquito can quickly turn into the life-threatening disease.

    Symptoms of malaria:
    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), malaria symptoms can be classified in two categories: uncomplicated and severe malaria.

    Uncomplicated malaria is diagnosed when symptoms are present, but there are no clinical or laboratory signs to indicate a severe infection or the dysfunction of vital organs. Individuals suffering from this form, can eventually develop severe malaria if the disease is left untreated, or if they have poor or no immunity to the disease.

    Symptoms of uncomplicated malaria typically last 6-10 hours and occur in cycles that occur every second day, although some strains of the parasite can cause a longer cycle or mixed symptoms. Symptoms are often flu-like and may be undiagnosed or misdiagnosed in areas where malaria is less common. In areas where malaria is common, many patients recognize the symptoms as malaria and treat themselves without proper medical care.

    Severe malaria is defined by clinical or laboratory evidence of vital organ dysfunction. This form has the capacity to be fatal if left untreated. As a general overview, symptoms of severe malaria include:

    • Fever and chills
    • Sweats followed by a return to normal temperature, with tiredness.
    • Impaired consciousness
    • Prostration (adopting a prone or prayer position)
    • Multiple convulsions
    • Deep breathing and respiratory distress
    • Abnormal bleeding and signs of anemia
    • Clinical jaundice and evidence of vital organ dysfunction
    • profuse sweating
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhea
    • Muscle pain
    • Coma
    • Bloody stools

    Diagnosis and Treatments of Malaria:
    Your doctor will be able to diagnose malaria. During your appointment, your doctor will review your health history, including any recent travel to tropical climates. A physical exam will also be performed. Your doctor will be able to determine if you have an enlarged spleen or liver. If you have symptoms of malaria, your doctor may order additional blood tests to confirm your diagnosis. These tests will show:

    • whether or not you have malaria
    • what type of malaria you have
    • if your infection is caused by a parasite that’s resistant to certain types of drugs
    • if the disease has caused anemia
    • if the disease has affected your vital organs

    Malaria is a life-threatening condition. Treatment for the disease is typically provided in a hospital. Your doctor will prescribe medications based on the type of parasite that you have. In some instances, the medication prescribed will not clear you of the infection. Parasites that are resistant to drugs have been reported. These parasites make many drugs ineffective. If this occurs, your doctor may need to use more than one medication or change medications altogether to treat your condition.

    Complications of Malaria:
    Malaria can cause a number of life-threatening complications like

    • swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, or cerebral malaria
    • an accumulation of fluid in the lungs that causes breathing problems, or pulmonary edema
    • organ failure of the kidneys, liver, or spleen
    • anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells
    • low blood sugar

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  • Swine Flu (Swine Influenza A [H1N1 and H3N2v] Virus)

    What is the swine flu?

    Swine flu (swine influenza) is a respiratory disease caused by viruses (influenza viruses) that infect the respiratory tract of pigs, resulting in nasal secretions, a barking cough, decreased appetite, and listless behavior. Swine flu produces most of the same symptoms in pigs as human flu produces in people. Swine flu can last about one to two weeks in pigs that survive. Swine influenza virus was first isolated from pigs in 1930 in the U.S. and has been recognized by pork producers and veterinarians to cause infections in pigs worldwide. In a number of instances, people have developed the swine flu infection when they are closely associated with pigs (for example, farmers, pork processors), and likewise, pig populations have occasionally been infected with the human flu infection. In most instances, the cross-species infections (swine virus to man; human flu virus to pigs) have remained in local areas and have not caused national or worldwide infections in either pigs or humans. Unfortunately, this cross-species situation with influenza viruses has had the potential to change. Investigators decided the 2009 so-called “swine flu” strain, first seen in Mexico, should be termed novel H1N1 flu since it was mainly found infecting people and exhibits two main surface antigens, H1 (hemagglutinin type 1) and N1 (neuraminidase type1). The eight RNA strands from novel H1N1 flu have one strand derived from human flu strains, two from avian (bird) strains, and five from swine strains.

    How is swine flu transmitted? Is swine flu contagious?

    Swine flu is transmitted from person to person by inhalation or ingestion of droplets containing virus from people sneezing or coughing; it is not transmitted by eating cooked pork products. The newest swine flu virus that has caused swine flu is influenza A H3N2v (commonly termed H3N2v) that began as an outbreak in 2011. The “v” in the name means the virus is a variant that normally infects only pigs but has begun to infect humans. There have been small outbreaks of H1N1 since the pandemic; a recent one is in India where at least three people have died.

    What is the incubation period for swine flu?

    The incubation period for swine flu is about one to four days, with the average being two days; in some people, the incubation period may be as long as about seven days in adults and children.

    What is the contagious period for swine flu?

    The contagious period for swine flu in adults usually begins one day before symptoms develop in an adult and it lasts about five to seven days after the person becomes sick. However, people with weakened immune systems and children may be contagious for a longer period of time (for example, about 10 to 14 days).

    How long does the swine flu last?

    In uncomplicated infections, swine flu typically begins to resolve after three to seven days, but the malaise and cough can persist two weeks or more in some patients. Severe swine flu may require hospitalization that increases the length of time of infection to about nine to 10 days.

    What causes swine flu?

    The cause of the 2009 swine flu was an influenza A virus type designated as H1N1. In 2011, a new swine flu virus was detected. The new strain was named influenza A (H3N2)v. Only a few people (mainly children) were first infected, but officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported increased numbers of people infected in the 2012-2013 flu season. Currently, there are not large numbers of people infected with H3N2v. Unfortunately, another virus termed H3N2 (note no “v” in its name) has been detected and caused flu, but this strain is different from H3N2v. In general, all of the influenza A viruses have a structure similar to the H1N1 virus; each type has a somewhat different H and/or N structure.

    Why is swine flu now infecting humans?

    Many researchers now consider that two main series of events can lead to swine flu (and also avian or bird flu) becoming a major cause for influenza illness in humans.

    First, the influenza viruses (types A, B, C) are enveloped RNA viruses with a segmented genome; this means the viral RNA genetic code is not a single strand of RNA but exists as eight different RNA segments in the influenza viruses. A human (or bird) influenza virus can infect a pig respiratory cell at the same time as a swine influenza virus; some of the replicating RNA strands from the human virus can get mistakenly enclosed inside the enveloped swine influenza virus. For example, one cell could contain eight swine flu and eight human flu RNA segments. The total number of RNA types in one cell would be 16; four swine and four human flu RNA segments could be incorporated into one particle, making a viable eight RNA-segmented flu virus from the 16 available segment types. Various combinations of RNA segments can result in a new subtype of virus (this process is known as antigenic shift) that may have the ability to preferentially infect humans but still show characteristics unique to the swine influenza virus (see Figure 1). It is even possible to include RNA strands from birds, swine, and human influenza viruses into one virus if a single cell becomes infected with all three types of influenza (for example, two bird flu, three swine flu, and three human flu RNA segments to produce a viable eight-segment new type of flu viral genome). Formation of a new viral type is considered to be antigenic shift; small changes within an individual RNA segment in flu viruses are termed antigenic drift (see figure 1) and result in minor changes in the virus. However, these small genetic changes can accumulate over time to produce enough minor changes that cumulatively alter the virus’ makeup over time (usually years).

    Second, pigs can play a unique role as an intermediary host to new flu types because pig respiratory cells can be infected directly with bird, human, and other mammalian flu viruses. Consequently, pig respiratory cells are able to be infected with many types of flu and can function as a “mixing pot” for flu RNA segments (see figure 1). Bird flu viruses, which usually infect the gastrointestinal cells of many bird species, are shed in bird feces. Pigs can pick these viruses up from the environment, and this seems to be the major way that bird flu virus RNA segments enter the mammalian flu virus population. Figure 1 shows this process in H1N1, but the figure represents the genetic process for all flu viruses, including human, swine, and avian strains.

    What are swine flu symptoms and signs?

    Symptoms of swine flu are similar to most influenza infections: fever (100 F or greater), cough (usually dry), nasal secretions, fatigue, and headache, with fatigue being reported in most infected individuals. Some patients may also get a sore throat, rash, body (muscle) aches or pains, headaches, chills, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. In Mexico, many of the initial patients infected with H1N1 influenza were young adults, which made some investigators speculate that a strong immune response, as seen in young people, may cause some collateral tissue damage. The incubation period from exposure to first symptoms is about one to four days, with an average of two days. The symptoms last about one to two weeks and can last longer if the person has a severe infection.

    Some patients develop severe respiratory symptoms, such as shortness of breath, and need respiratory support (such as a ventilator to breathe for the patient). Patients can get pneumonia (bacterial secondary infection) if the viral infection persists, and some can develop seizures. Death often occurs from secondary bacterial infection of the lungs; appropriate antibiotics need to be used in these patients. The usual mortality (death) rate for typical influenza A is about 0.1%, while the 1918 “Spanish flu” epidemic had an estimated mortality rate ranging from 2%-20%. Swine (H1N1) flu in Mexico had about 160 deaths and about 2,500 confirmed cases, which would correspond to a mortality rate of about 6%, but these initial data were revised and the mortality rate worldwide was estimated to be much lower. Fortunately, the mortality rate of H1N1 remained low and similar to that of the conventional flu (average conventional flu mortality rate is about 36,000 per year; projected H1N1 flu mortality rate was 90,000 per year in the U.S. as determined by the president’s advisory committee, but it never approached that high number).

    Fortunately, although H1N1 developed into a pandemic (worldwide) flu strain, the mortality rate in the U.S. and many other countries only approximated the usual numbers of flu deaths worldwide. Speculation about why the mortality rate remained much lower than predicted includes increased public awareness and action that produced an increase in hygiene (especially hand washing), a fairly rapid development of a new vaccine, and patient self-isolation if symptoms developed.

    What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose swine flu?

    Swine flu is presumptively diagnosed clinically by the patient’s history of association with people known to have the disease and their symptoms listed above. Usually, a quick test (for example, nasopharyngeal swab sample) is done to see if the patient is infected with influenza A or B virus. Most of the tests can distinguish between A and B types. The test can be negative (no flu infection) or positive for type A and B. If the test is positive for type B, the flu is not likely to be swine flu. If it is positive for type A, the person could have a conventional flu strain or swine flu. However, the accuracy of these tests has been challenged, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has not completed their comparative studies of these tests. However, a new test developed by the CDC and a commercial company reportedly can detect H1N1 reliably in about one hour; the test was formerly only available to the military. In 2010, the FDA approved a commercially available test that could detect H1N1 within four hours. Most of these rapid tests are based on PCR technology.

    Swine flu is definitively diagnosed by identifying the particular antigens (surface proteins) associated with the virus type. In general, this test is done in a specialized laboratory and is not done by many doctors’ offices or hospital laboratories. However, doctors’ offices are able to send specimens to specialized laboratories if necessary. Because of the large number of novel H1N1 swine flu cases that occurred in the 2009-2010 flu season (the vast majority of flu cases [about 95%-99%] were due to novel H1N1 flu viruses), the CDC recommended only hospitalized patients’ flu virus strains be sent to reference labs to be identified. H3N2v flu strains and other flu virus strains are diagnosed by similar methods.

    What types of doctors treat swine flu?

    Almost all uncomplicated patients with swine flu can be treated at home or by the patient’s pediatrician, primary-care provider, or emergency-medicine doctor. For more complicated and/or severe swine flu infections, specialists such as critical-care specialists, lung specialists (pulmonologists), and infectious-disease specialists may be consulted.

    What is the treatment for swine flu?

    The best treatment for influenza infections in humans is prevention by vaccination. Work by several laboratories has produced vaccines. The first H1N1 vaccine released in early October 2009 was a nasal spray vaccine that was approved for use in healthy individuals ages 2-49. The injectable vaccine, made from killed H1N1, became available in the second week of Oct. 2009. This vaccine was approved for use in ages 6 months to the elderly, including pregnant females. Both of these vaccines were approved by the CDC only after they had conducted clinical trials to prove that the vaccines were safe and effective. A new influenza vaccine preparation is the intradermal (trivalent) vaccine is available; it works like the shot except the administration is less painful. It is approved for ages 18-64 years.

    Almost all vaccines have some side effects. Common side effects of H1N1 vaccines (alone or in combination with other flu viral strains) are typical of flu vaccines used over many years and are as follows:

    • Flu shot: Soreness, redness, minor swelling at the shot site, muscle aches, low-grade fever, and nausea do not usually last more than about 24 hours.
    • Nasal spray: runny nose, low-grade fever, vomiting, headache, wheezing, cough, and sore throat
    • Intradermal shot: redness, swelling, pain, headache, muscle aches, fatigue

    The flu shot (vaccine) is made from killed virus particles so a person cannot get the flu from a flu shot. However, the nasal spray vaccine contains live virus that have been altered to hinder its ability to replicate in human tissue. People with a suppressed immune system should not get vaccinated with the nasal spray. Also, most vaccines that contain flu viral particles are cultivated in eggs, so individuals with an allergy to eggs should not get the vaccine unless tested and advised by their doctor that they are cleared to obtain it. Like all vaccines, rare events may occur in some rare cases (for example, swelling, weakness, or shortness of breath). About one person in a million who gets the vaccine may develop a neurological problem termed Guillain-Barré syndrome, which can cause weakness or paralysis, difficulty breathing, bladder and/or bowel problems, and other nerve problems. If any symptoms like these develop, see a physician immediately.

    Two antiviral agents have been reported to help prevent or reduce the effects of swine flu. They are zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu), both of which are also used to prevent or reduce influenza A and B symptoms. These drugs should not be used indiscriminately, because viral resistance to them can and has occurred. Also, they are not recommended if the flu symptoms already have been present for 48 hours or more, although hospitalized patients may still be treated past the 48-hour guideline. Severe infections in some patients may require additional supportive measures such as ventilation support and treatment of other infections like pneumonia that can occur in patients with a severe flu infection. The CDC has suggested in their guidelines that pregnant females can be treated with the two antiviral agents.

    On Dec. 22, 2014, the FDA approved the first new anti-influenza drug (for H1N1 and other influenza virus types) in 15 years, peramivir injection (Rapivab). It is approved for use in the following settings:

    Diarrhea, skin infections, hallucinations, and/or altered behavior may occur as side effects of this drug.

    • Adult patients for whom therapy with an intravenous (IV) medication is clinically appropriate, based upon one or more of the following reasons:
      • The patient is not responding to either oral or inhaled antiviral therapy, or
      • drug delivery by a route other than IV is not expected to be dependable or is not feasible, or
      • the physician decides that IV therapy is appropriate due to other circumstances.
    • Pediatric patients for whom an intravenous medication clinically appropriate because:
      • The patient is not responding to either oral or inhaled antiviral therapy, or
      • drug delivery by a route other than IV is not expected to be dependable or is not feasible.

    What are the risk factors for swine flu?

    Vaccination to prevent influenza is particularly important for people who are at increased risk for severe complications from influenza or at higher risk for influenza-related doctor or hospital visits. When vaccine supply is limited, vaccination efforts should focus on delivering vaccination to the following people since these populations have a higher risk for H1N1 and some other viral infections according to the CDC:

    • All children 6 months to 4 years (59 months) of age
    • All people 50 years of age and older
    • Adults and children who have chronic pulmonary (including asthma) or cardiovascular (except isolated hypertension), renal, hepatic, neurological, hematologic, or metabolic disorders (including diabetes mellitus)
    • People who have immunosuppression (including immunosuppression caused by medications or by HIV)
    • Women who are or will be pregnant during the influenza season
    • Children and adolescents (6 months to 18 years of age) who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy and who might be at risk for experiencing Reye’s syndrome after influenza virus infection
    • Residents of nursing homes and other long-term-care facilities
    • American Indians/Alaska natives
    • People who are morbidly obese (BMI ≥40)
    • Health-care professionals (doctors, nurses, health-care personnel treating patients)
    • Household contacts and caregivers of children under 5 years of age and adults 50 years of age and older, with particular emphasis on vaccinating contacts of children less than 6 months age
    • Household contacts and caregivers of people with medical conditions that put them at higher risk for severe complications from influenza

    Are there home remedies for swine flu?

    There are many flu “cures” and “treatments” described on the Internet (for example, how cayenne pepper, menthol, or ginseng can be used to treat the flu); before using any of these substances, check with a doctor. However, there are many over-the-counter medications, such as naproxen (Aleve), ibuprofen (Advil and others) and acetaminophen (Tylenol), to reduce fever and discomfort, lozenges to sooth a sore throat, and decongestants to help manage mucus production and coughing. These medications help manage flu symptoms but do not cure the viral disease.

    Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?

    Yes. An epidemic is defined as an outbreak of a contagious disease that is rapid and widespread, affecting many individuals at the same time. The swine flu outbreak in Mexico fit this definition. A pandemic is an epidemic that becomes so widespread that it affects a region, continent, or the world. On June 11, 2009, WHO officials determined that H1N1 2009 influenza A swine flu reached WHO level 6 criteria (person-to-person transmission in two separate WHO-determined world regions) and declared the first flu pandemic in 41 years. The H1N1 flu reached over 200 different countries on every continent except Antarctica in the 2009-2010 flu season; fortunately, the severity of the disease did not increase. The following is the CDC data for mortality and morbidity of the 2009 epidemic in the US: final estimates were published in 2011 and state that from Apr. 12, 2009, to Apr. 10, 2010 approximately 60.8 million cases (range: 43.3-89.3 million), 274,304 hospitalizations (195,086-402,719), and 12,469 deaths (8868-18,306) occurred in the United States due to H1N1. An outbreak in India that became widespread in that country is still ongoing in 2016.

    What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?

    In general, the majority (about 90%-95%) of people who get the disease feel terrible (see symptoms) but recover with no problems, as seen in patients in Mexico, the U.S., and many other countries.

    People with suppressed immune systems historically have worse outcomes than uncompromised individuals; investigators suspect that as swine flu spreads, the mortality rates may rise and be high in this population. Current data suggest that pregnant individuals, children under 2 years of age, young adults, and individuals with any immune compromise or debilitation are likely to have a worse prognosis. Complications of swine flu may resemble severe viral pneumonia or the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by a coronavirus strain) outbreak in 2002-2003 in which the disease spread to about 10 countries with over 7,000 cases, caused over 700 deaths, and had a 10% mortality rate. At the beginning of the pandemic, the numbers of people with flu-like illness were higher than usual and the illness initially affected a much younger population than the conventional flu. As the pandemic progressed, more young children became infected than usual, but the mortality statistics became more similar to the conventional flu mortality rate, with an older population (especially ages 50-64) having the highest death rate. Pneumonia (viral and secondary bacterial pneumonia), is the most serious complication of the flu as it can cause death. Other complications include sinus and ear infections, asthma exacerbations, and/or bronchitis.

    Reference : medicinenet.com

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  • Summer Time With Delicious Detox Water Recipes Your Body Will Love…..

    Staying hydrated is key for good digestion. It promotes regular bowel movements and helps flush harmful toxins out of the body.  While this can be accomplished by drinking regular tap or bottled water, did you know that by adding a few ingredients to your H2O you can transform drinking water into detox water and up the benefits?Detox water is made by adding fresh fruits, vegetables and/or herbs to ice water and then letting the ingredients soak for a few hours (at least two hours) in the refrigerator. The longer the fruits, vegetables and/or herbs soak in the ice water, the more nutrients you will drink! Some detox water recipes include several ingredients, while others only include one. Each ingredient adds its own health benefit ranging from weight loss to boosting energy levels, detoxing the liver, detoxing the kidneys, improving digestion, etc.

    Here are  popular detox recipes that have great health benefits

    Lemon & Lime

    • Flushes toxins
    • Aids digestion
    • Boosts the immune system
    • Rejuvenates skin

     

     

    Cucumber

    • Flushes toxins
    • Fights inflammation
    • Aids digestion

     

     Orange

    • Flushes toxins
    • Boosts the immune system

     

     

    Grapefruit

    • Flushes toxins
    • Aids weight loss
    • Improves digestion
    • High in antioxidants
    • Helps lower cholesterol

     

     

    Raspberries, Blueberries & Strawberries

    • Flushes toxins
    • Fights inflammation
    • Rich in antioxidants
    • Boosts immune system
    • Fights cancer

     

    Watermelon

    • Flushes toxins
    • Fights inflammation
    • Improves blood flow
    • Boosts immune system

     

     

    Apple

    • Flushes toxins
    • Aids weight loss
    • Fights cancer
    • Boosts immune system

     

    Cinnamon

    • Revs the metabolism
    • Aids digestion
    • Improves brain function

     

    Mint

    • Aids digestion
    • Eases stomachaches
    • Fights depression

     

    Basil

    • Flushes toxins
    • Fights inflammation
    • Contains antioxidants
    • Antibacterial properties
    • Fights depression
    • Fights cancer

     

    * When making detox water it’s important to let it sit in the refrigerator for at least two hours before drinking. This will allow the nutrients to seep into the water.

    * When making detox water, many people recommend not eating the fruit afterwards. While eating the fruit certainly won’t harm you, it may not have the same flavor or pack the same nutritional punch as it did before.

     

     

     

    sources:

    Detox Water: The Top 25 Recipes for Fast Weight Loss

    Top 50 Detox Water Recipes for Rapid Weight Loss🍋🍓🍉💦

    20 Delicious Detox Waters to Cleanse Your Body and Burn Fat

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  • Train Your Brain To Stop Worrying

    Worrying is an unnecessary evil when it comes to your mental health. It is simply a bad habit that can be unlearned with practice. Some think that worrying may serve a purpose for the brain by helping us to learn from past experiences and prepare for new ones. Whether good or bad, worrying occupies our brain by focusing on an uncertain future that we can’t control.

    It is said that depression is focusing on past events that you wish you could change, and that worrying is focusing on future events that you have no control over. It could also be said about worrying that you only think you have no control over the future when you can actually choose to take action to help prepare for whatever it is you are worried about. In this article, we will look at active ways that you can help train your brain to stop worrying.

    STOP YOUR BRAIN FROM WORRYING BY WRITING IT DOWN

    When you are training your brain to stop worrying, this one technique is said to be the most valuable. If your brain is keeping you up at night by thinking about something, put it down on paper or electronic format. This habit lets your brain breathe a mental sigh of relief by no longer having to spend energy trying to remember these details. If you’re worrying about what to serve for a gathering of friends, write down ‘What to serve ?’

    Writing it down also is a way for you to put your brain on notice and tell your brain ‘This is important enough to write down.’ Your brain has now been alerted to put resources toward solving this problem rather than being worried or having to remember the important thing to worry about.

    Why write it down? Researchers now have evidence that chronic worriers may be chronic problem avoiders too. Scientists in the journal Anxiety, Stress & Coping gave worriers an opportunity to write down three possible outcomes for the situation they were worried about, then they analyzed their answers for practical solutions. The scientists say ‘When participants’ problem elaborations were rated for concreteness, both studies showed an inverse relationship between degree of worry and concreteness: The more participants worried about a given topic, the less concrete was the content of their elaboration. The results challenge the view that worry may promote better problem analyses. Instead, they conform to the view that worry is a cognitive avoidance response.‘

    MEDITATE FOR A WORRY FREE BRAIN

    Meditation can help train your brain to stop worrying. Researchers in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine studied the effects of meditation and found that meditation is particularly good for reducing cognitive anxiety, or worrying. Although some people believe that they do not have time to meditate, meditation is as easy as choosing to close your eyes right now for 30 seconds or longer. The act of choosing to tune out other sources of stress is an active step to train your brain to stop worrying.

    Related article: New Study Confirms: Excessive Worrying Linked To High Levels Of Creative Intelligence

    A few moments where you consciously choose to avoid any non-natural noise in your life will allow you to get centered around what is most important to you, now and in the future. Worrisome thoughts may come to you while you meditate, and this is normal. Those who have mastered the art of brain training to stop worrying recommend observing worrisome thoughts as they enter the mind and simply watching them pass like clouds on a breezy day.

    EXERCISE TO TRAIN YOUR BODY AND YOUR BRAIN TO STOP WORRYING

    Worry is how your brain learns to survive by deciding to activate the fight or flight system. If a cougar jumps out at you, you instantly feel a rush of adrenaline, and this fear response is the same thing that is happening to your body when you worry, just at a much lower level over a longer period of time.

    The same study in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine found that exercise, on the other hand, is good for when your body feels the symptoms of anxiety, like jitteriness. If your body feels less of the physical symptoms of stress, your mind will interpret that there must be less to worry about because the body is not in a state of heightened arousal.

    Source : powerofpositivity.com

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  • रिङ्गटा लाग्दा के गर्नु पर्छ र के गर्नु हुँदैन

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    रिँगटा लाग्दा चारैतिर वस्तु घुमेको जस्तो लाग्छ । यो एक साधारण रोग हो तर लापरबाही गर्नु हुँदैन । किनकी यो कुनै गम्भीर रोगको संकेत पनि हुनसक्छ । रक्तसञ्चार र रगतमा कमी, बढी वा कम रक्तचाप, अत्याधिक शारीरिक वा मानसिक थकान, तनाव, डर र टाउको चोटलगायतका कारणले रिँगटा लाग्छ ।

    मुटुको धड्कन असामान्य, आँखाको कमजोरी, मष्तिस्कमा रगतको कमी, नशा फाट्ने, ब्रेन ह्यामरेज, ब्रेन ट्युमर, खाने कुरा तथा औषधिको एलर्जी, माइग्रेन, व्रत बसेर शरीर कमजोर भएमा, अत्याधिक अल्कोहल सेवनले रिंगटा लाग्न सक्छ ।

    टाउको घुम्नु, शरीर हल्लेको अनुभव हुनु, आँखाको अगाडि अध्यारो छाउनु, अनुहार फिक्का र शरीर चिसो हुनु, कमजोर भई चक्कर लागेर लड्नु, शरीर शून्य हुनु, उल्टी आउनु, कानमा बज्नु, बोल्न कठिनाइ हुनु यसका लक्षण हुन् ।

    के खाने ? What to eat ?

    • समयमै खाना खाने
    • एक गिलास दूध वा पानीमा ग्लुकोज मिसाएर पिउने
    • गर्मी भएमा अमलाको सर्वत पिउने
    • एक चम्चा तुलसीको रसमा २ वटा मरिच पिधेंर बिहान बेलुका खाने

    के नखाने ?What not to eat in dizziness ?

    • रक्सी, खैनी, नशालु पदार्थ नखाने
    • एलोपेथिक औषधि आफ्नो इच्छाले नखाने
    • अत्याधिक खाना नखाने

    के  गर्ने ?What to do in dizziness ?

    • रिँगटा लाग्ने बित्तिकै बस्ने
    • सुविधा भएमा ओछ्यानमा सुत्ने र आँखा बन्द गर्ने
    • निन्द्रा लाग्यो भने पर्याप्त सुत्ने
    • नियमित व्यायाम गर्ने र बिहान घुम्न जाने
    • मधुमेह नियन्त्रणमा राख्ने, एनिमियाको उपचार गर्ने
    • टाउकोमा बदामको तेलले मालिस गर्ने
    • आँखा कमजोर भए उचित चस्मा लगाउने
    • फिजियोथेरपिस्टसँग सिकेर सधैं कसरत गर्ने

     

    के नगर्ने ?

    • एक्लै घुम्न नजाने ।
    • अग्लो, होचो, अँध्यारो, चिप्लो बाटोमा नहिँड्ने ।
    • चिया, चुरोट÷बिंडी नखाने ।
    • साइकल, स्कुटर, कार नचलाउने ।
    • बार्दलीलगायत कुनै अग्लो ठाउँबाट तल नहेर्ने ।
    • कठीन शारीरिक या मानसिक परिश्रम नगर्ने ।
    • आगो या पोखरीबाट टाढै रहने ।
    • खोला नतर्ने ।


    Source : swasthyakhabar.com

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  • 7 ways to stay healthy in rainy season

    We can’t just sing a song “rain, rain go away” to stop the heavy rainfall. We have to prepare and protect our health and of our loved ones.
    1. Always bring your umbrella
    Getting wet from a sudden rainfall can cause sudden change with body temperature that may lead to fever and colds. Never forget to carry your umbrella with you wherever you go to avoid getting sick. It’s not only the best rain gear, but also a sickness shield against cough, colds or fever when you’re caught up
    on a rainy day.

    2. Eat healthy
    The cheapest way to protect you from sickness is eating healthy food. You can cook a hot soup to invigorate your body or eat Vitamin C-rich foods to boost your immune system to help repulse flu and infection. One of the common rainy-day diseases often caused by eating spoiled or contaminated foods is diarrhea, so always remember to wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly to be safe. A delicious and healthy food is what makes rainy days a little warmer.

    Avoid eating street foods.

    3. Drink clean water
    Water-borne diseases are very common during the rainy season. Contaminated water sources could bring water borne diseases such as amoebiasis(amoebic dysentery) and cholera. If  you’re unsure of the water supply, boil it or buy purified drinking water to be safe.

    4. Drink herbal tea
    Herbal tea has curative properties for coughs, colds and sore throat — common ailments during the rainy season. You can add body warming ingredients like cloves, ginger, pepper, basil and mint to make it extra good for your body as well as it would be more pleasant and delicious.

    5. Wash your hands
    Regular hand washing is the best way to keep you from getting colds, cough and influenza, and prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria and keep away diseases. Wash your hands properly by lathering soap between your fingers, under your nails and the top of your hands. Rinse and dry your hands thoroughly to get rid of the germs.

    6. Don’t touch your face
    The flu virus commonly enters our body through the eyes, nose and mouth. Don’t scratch your eye or wipe your sweaty forehead. Use a clean napkin or handkerchief instead.

    7. Keep your surroundings clean
    Keep Mosquitoes out of your room. Dengue, a fatal disease caused by mosquitoes, is the most rampant disease during the rainy season. Don’t leave any water stagnant and throw away the things that may promote mosquito breeding. Keep your waterways clean. Besides dengue, leptospirosis is rampant because of floods that may contain animal urine causes bacterial infection.

    Sources : rappler.com

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  • Run for your life

    According to a new study, running doesn’t only work wonders for the body, but also remarkably enhances cognitive prowess.

    In a recent study published in the Journal of Physiology, London, researchers studying the impact of aerobic exercise on human cognitive function have associated long lasting brain benefits for individuals who incorporate the habit of running into their everyday lives. Running as an exercise activates and even enhances neuron reserves in the human brain which are central to the brain’s capacity to learn, the study confirms. More intriguingly, it reveals that running can multiply these reserves much more expeditiously than any kind of high-intensity resistance training.

    Participating researcher Professor Heikki Kainulainen has said that running has positively long-lasting effects on brain structure and function, namely the generation of neurons in the hippocampus, a brain structure important in learning.

    Universally, the far-reaching life-enhancing merits of aerobic exercise such as running can scarcely be contested. For instance, a recent study had found that habitual runners were 30 percent less likely to die over the next 15 years compared to non-runners. It also revealed that nearly 45 percent of the former were less likely to experience a fatal event namely a heart attack or stroke.

    However, some of the studies have revealed that even a relatively modest amount of exercise is quite rewarding for health. The biggest reduction in mortality has, in fact, been observed in individuals committed to some form of physical activity as opposed to those with no exercise at all. For example, individuals who run up to six miles a week cut their risk of dying from cardiovascular-related causes by almost 60 percent compared with non-runners.

    Numerous other studies have concluded that running just five minutes a day can actually reduce the risk of mortality and could enhance an individual’s life-span by as much as three years.

     

    Sources:

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/12148466/Running-gives-your-brain-a-work-out-say-scientists.html

    Incredibly Long-Lasting ‘Brain’ Benefits Of Running Revealed: New Study

     

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  • A healthier way of cooking rice

    A cup of cooked rice typically contains 240 calories and is made up of both digestible and resistant types of starch. Humans do not have the enzyme to digest resistant starch, which means the body is unable to convert some of that starch to sugar and absorb it into the bloodstream.

    Researchers at the College of Chemical Sciences in Sri Lanka successfully tested out their theory that using a specific heating and cooling process of cooking rice could increase the presence of resistant starch and thereby minimize the body’s calorie absorption.

    Here’s how to cut the calories in your rice by more than half, according to the researchers: Add a teaspoon of coconut oil to boiling water, then add half a cup of rice. Simmer for 40 minutes or boil for 20 to 25 minutes. The cooked rice should then go into the refrigerator for 12 hours.

    The researchers say this method of cooking rice causes the oil to enter in starch granules while it cooks and adds a protective layer, which changes the structure of the rice granules so they becomes resistant to the digestive enzyme. Ultimately, this means that fewer calories from the rice are absorbed by the body.

    Thankfully, you won’t need to eat your rice cold and gummy to maintain its lower calorie content. The scientists say reheating the rice at a later time doesn’t alter the rice’s chemical composition. Additionally, the researchers say this method of cooking rice this way won’t only help a person maintain a slim waist; it may also result in a healthier gut, since the bacteria in the rice provides a potent energy source to the “good bacteria” in the human body.

    These findings were presented at the 249th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

     

    References:

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3009374/Want-rice-HALF-calories-Just-cook-coconut-oil-refrigerate-overnight-eating.html

    http://www.cbsnews.com/news/adding-coconut-oil-to-rice-could-cut-calories-in-half/

     

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  • १० रोगहरुको उपचारको लागि अम्बाको पात – औषधि

    10 health benefits of guava leaves

    हामीले खाने अम्बाको पातले प्राकृतिक औषधिको रुपमा काम गर्दछ । यो पातले तौल घटाउनुका साथै तीव्रज्वरो , झाडापखाला ,आउँ जस्ता रोगहरुसँग लड्नको लागि मद्धत गर्दछ । यसैगरी निम्न १० रोगहरुको उपचारको लागि अम्बाको पातले औषधिको रुपमा काम गर्दछ ।

    guava leaves for diabetic

    १) मधुमेह रोगको लागि लाभदायक:
    जापानको याकुल्टा सेन्ट्रल इन्ष्टिच्युटमा भएको एक अनुसन्धानबाट पत्ता लगाइएको छ की अम्बाको पातमा ग्लुकोज कम गर्ने क्षमता हुन्छ । यसले शरीरको माल्टोज र सुक्रोजको मात्रालाई घटाउँछ । १२ हप्तासम्म अम्बाको पातलाई पानीमा उमालेर पिउनुहोस् यसले शरीरको चीनीको मात्रालाई कम गराउँछ ।

    guava leaves for controlling cholesterol

    २) कोलेस्ट्रोल कम गर्छ :
    ३ महिनासम्म अम्बाको पातको प्रयोगले राम्रो कोलेस्ट्रोलमा प्रभाव नगरिकनै नराम्रो कोलेस्ट्रोललाई हटाउन मद्धत गर्दछ । यसको साथै अम्बाको पातले कलेजोलाई पनि राम्रो प्रभाव पार्दछ ।

    guava leaves for diarrhea

    ३) आउँ र झाडापखालको लागि :
    अम्बाको पातले आउँ र झाडापखालाको लागि प्राकृतिक औषधिको रुपमा काम गर्दछ । झाडापखालाको औषधिको लागि ३० ग्राम अम्बाको पातलाई एक लिटर पानीमा एक वा दुई मुठ्ठी चामलको पीठोसँग उमाल्नुुहोस् । यस मिश्रणलाई दिनमा दुईचोटि पिउनुहोस् । आउँको उपचारको लागि अम्बाको पातलाई २० मिनेटसम्म ९० डिग्री सेल्सियसको तापक्रममा उमाल्नुहोस् । त्यसपछि पानीलाई छानेर पानी चिसो भएपछि पिउनुहोस् ।

    guava leaves for digestion

    ४) पाचनप्रणालीलाई बलियो बनाउँछ :
    अम्बाको पातमा पेटको समस्या हटाउने गुण हुन्छ । यस्ले पेटको हानिकारक ब्याक्टेरियालाइ हटाउँछ । र आंद्रालाई सफा बनाई राख्न मद्धत गर्दछ । विषादि खाना , वान्ता हुने स्थितिमा पनि अम्बाको पात लाभदायक हुन्छ । पेट दुख्ने समस्यालाई हटाउनको लागि ८–१० वटा अम्बाको पातलाई १.५ लीटर पानीमा उमालेर पिउनाले आराम मिल्दछ ।

    guava leaves for weight loss

    ५) तौल घटाउन मद्धत गर्छ :
    अम्बाको पातले कम्प्लेक्स स्टार्चलाई चीनीमा बदल्न दिदैंन । जस्को फलस्वरुप शरीरमा अनावश्यक क्यालोरी बन्न नदिई तौल घटाउन सहयोग गर्दछ ।

    guava leaves for cough

    ६) स्वासनलिसम्बन्धि उपचारमा लाभदायक :
    अम्बाको पातले फोक्साको बाटो राम्रो बनाई खोकी कम गर्छ । र स्वासनलिसम्बन्धि समस्याबाट आराम दिलाउँछ ।

    guava leaves for teeth problem

    ७) दाँतको र गिजाको लागि :
    दाँत दुख्ने , गिजा सुनिने जस्ता अवस्थामा पनि अम्बाको पातको प्रयोग लाभदायक हुन्छ । अम्बाको पातमा सुनेको कम गर्ने गुण हुन्छ । अम्बाको पातबाट बनेको पेस्टले सधैं ब्रश गर्नाले दाँतलाई धेरै फाईदा पुर्याउँछ ।

    guava leaves for fever

    ८) तीब्र ज्वरोको लागि पनि लाभदायक :
    अम्बाको पातमा ब्लड प्लेटलेट्स बढाउने शक्ति हुन्छ । जस्को कारणले गर्दा तीब्रज्वरोको लागि अम्बाको पात धेरै फाइदाजनक हुन्छ । तीब्रज्वरोको लागि अम्बाको ८–९ पातलाई ५ कप पानीमा राखेर उमाल्नुहोस् । पानी घटेर ३ कप बाँकी भएपछि निकाल्नुहोस् । र दिनमा ३ पटकसम्म रोगीलाई पिलाउनुहोस् ।

    guava leaves for prostate cancer

    ९) प्रोस्टेट क्यान्सरको लागि फाइदाजनक :
    अम्बाको पातले प्रोस्टेट क्यान्सरलाई रोक्नको लागि मद्धत गर्दछ ।

    guava leaves for increasing chromosome count

    १०) शुक्राणु निर्माण :
    अम्बाको पातको प्रयोगले वीर्यमा शुक्राणुको निर्माण छिटो हुुन्छ ।

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