• Symptoms, Cause and Cure for Sore Throat

    Sore throat is one symptom of an array of different medical disorders. Infections cause the majority of sore throats, and these are the sore throats that are contagious (can be passed from one person to another). Infections are caused by either viruses (such as the “flu” the “common cold” or mononucleosis) or bacteria (such as “strep”, mycoplasma or hemophilus).

    a. Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
    b. Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
    c. Difficulty swallowing
    d. Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw
    e. Swollen, red tonsils
    f. White patches or pus on your tonsils
    g. Hoarse or muffled voice


    a. Viruses:
    Most viral sore throats accompany the “flu” or a “cold:’ When a stuffy-runny nose, sneezing, and generalized aches and pains accompany the sore throat, it is probably caused by one of the hundreds of known viruses. These are highly contagious and cause epidemics in a community, especially in the winter. The body cures itself of a viral infection by building antibodies that destroy the virus, a process that takes about a week.

    b. Bacteria:
    “Strep throat” is an infection caused by a particular strain of streptococcus bacteria. This infection can also cause damage to the heart valves (rheumatic fever) and kidneys (nephritis). Streptococcal infections can also cause scarlet fever, tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis and ear infections.

    c. Allergy:
    Hayfever and allergy sufferers can get an irritated throat during an allergy attack the same way they get a stuffy, itchy nose, sneezing and post nasal drip. The same pollens and molds that irritate the nose when they are inhaled also may irritate the throat. People allergic to cat and dog danders can suffer an irritated throat when they are around such animals. A very common allergy is house dust, and it is a special problem in the winter when a heating system blows dust throughout the house.

    d. Irritation:
    During the cold winter months, dry heat may create a recurring, mild sore throat with a parched feeling, especially in the mornings. This often responds to humidification of bedroom air and increased liquid intake. Patients with a chronic stuffy nose, causing mouth breathing, also suffer with a dry throat. They need examination and treatment of the nose.

    e. Tumors:
    Tumors of the throat, tongue and larynx (voice box) are usually (but not always) associated with long time use of tobacco and alcohol. Sore throat and difficult swallowing-sometimes with pain radiating to the ear – may be symptoms of such a tumor. More often the sore throat is so mild or so chronic that it is hardly noticed. Other important symptoms include hoarseness, a lump in the neck, unexplained weight loss and/or spitting up blood in the saliva or phlegm.


    a. Not treating is an option as many throat infections are mild and soon get better without treatment.

    b. Have enough to drink to avoid lack of fluid in the body (dehydration).
    It is tempting not to drink very much if it is painful to swallow. You may become mildly dehydrated if you don’t drink much, particularly if you also have a high temperature (fever). Mild dehydration can make headaches and tiredness much worse.

    c. Paracetamol or ibuprofen ease pain, headache and fever.
    To keep symptoms to a minimum it is best to take a dose at regular intervals, as recommended on the packet of medication, rather than now and then. For example, take paracetamol four times a day until symptoms ease. If necessary, you can alternate and take both. Note: some people with certain conditions may not be able to take ibuprofen, so always read the packet label. It is very important not to take more than the dose advised on the packet.

    d. Lozenges can be bought in pharmacies or supermarkets.
    Some people find these helpful to soothe a sore throat. You may also find sucking boiled sweets, ice and ice lollies can be soothing.

    e. Other gargles and sprays can be bought at pharmacies to help to soothe a sore throat.
    However, there is not very much evidence about how effective they are and they do not shorten the illness.

    Other cure

    a. Tea
    Tired of drinking water? A warm cup of herbal tea can offer immediate, soothing relief for a sore throat. What’s more, non-herbal teas—whether they’re made with black, green, or white leaves—contain antioxidants that are thought to strengthen immunity and ward off infection.

    b. Cough syrup
    Even if you don’t have a cough (yet), over-the-counter cough syrups can help ease soreness. Like drops and sprays, they coat the throat and provide temporary pain relief.

    c.Saltwater gargle
    Several studies have found that gargling several times a day with warm salt water can reduce swelling in the throat and loosen mucus, helping to flush out irritants or bacteria.


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  • 12 Common Winter diseases

    As the leaves change and chillier weather sets in across the country, certain illnesses rise to their peak and spread throughout schools and workplaces.
    Due to the evolution from hot to milder air and the piling of children back into schools, a mess of germs sparks the start of a new season of illnesses that sweep through every corner of the country.
    1. Flu
    Flu is a major killer of vulnerable people. People aged 65 and over and people with long-term health conditions, including diabetes and kidney disease, are particularly at risk.

    2. Common Colds
    While colds are not completely debilitating, it can be bothersome and inconvenient. Mayo Clinic recommended to always follow a good hygiene to protect against this disease. Also, cover your mouth and nose with tissues when you cough or sneeze if you start getting the sniffle. Pump your body with vitamin C, which you can get from eating fruits or taking supplements.

    3. Norovirus
    Norovirus, which is also known as the “winter vomiting disease,” causes gastroenteritis outbreaks that are more commonly known as the stomach flu. The disease happens all year round but it’s more common during the winter season. Follow these tips previously reported on Latinos Health for best defense against the norovirus.

    4. Asthma
    Cold air can exacerbate asthma symptoms, such as shortness of breath and wheezing. Rain and wind also stir up allergens, which can make asthma worse. Additionally, working out in cold temperatures can be especially problematic — the cold air causes bronchoconstriction (narrowing of the airways), thus making it even harder to breathe.

    5. Painful joints
    Many people with arthritis say their joints become more painful in winter, though it’s not clear why this is the case. Only joint symptoms such as pain and stiffness are affected by the weather. There’s no evidence that changes in the weather cause joint damage.

    6. Cold hands
    Raynaud’s phenomenon is a common condition that makes your fingers and toes change colour and become very painful in cold weather. Fingers can go white, then blue, then red, and throb and tingle. It’s a sign of poor circulation in the small blood vessels of the hands and feet. In severe cases, medication can help, but most people live with their symptoms.

    7. Dry skin
    Dry skin is a common condition and is often worse during the winter, when environmental humidity is low.
    Moisturising is essential during winter. Contrary to popular belief, moisturising lotions and creams aren’t absorbed by the skin. Instead, they act as a sealant to stop the skin’s natural moisture evaporating away.

    8. Sore Throat
    A certain virus and bacteria is responsible for a sore throat. Your throat becomes itchy, harsh, and sometime gets inflamed. You can apply the following home remedies to get rid of sore throat naturally.

    9. Allergy
    Allergy is another most common seasonal disease. It causes due to dry weather, dust, mites, damp around, and even from your foods. When you come up with allergy, you may feel trouble in breathing.

    10. Migraine and Headache
    Migraine and headache are two painful diseases. Not only in winter, these problems can catch you in all season. Migraine generally happens due to dehydration, weather change, stress, hormonal change in women, and some other reasons.

    11. Heart Attack
    Cold snaps can increase blood pressure, which puts more strain on the heart. Your heart also has to work harder to keep your body warm during the winter months. Biological studies have also shown that cold temperatures can contribute to atherosclerotic plaque in blood vessels. Lower temperatures activate brown fat, which converts fat to heat. This is different from the white, and more common, type — what we normally think of when we think of fat.

    12. Pneumonia
    Pneumonia, inflammation of the lungs, occurs more in the winter. The flu virus is one of the most common causes of viral pneumonia — and since the flu often occurs in the winter, so does pneumonia. It causes the small air sacs in your lungs (alveoli) to fill with fluid. This, coupled with your body’s immune response of sending white blood cells to the area to fight infection, can make it very hard to breathe. Most healthy people recover within one to three weeks. However, it can be life-threatening for at-risk populations, such as children and the elderly.


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  • This Plant can Destroy Cancer, Diabetes and High Pressure

    Many poeple don’t like to include Bitter Melon or Bitter groud or Karela(तितो करेला) in their food intake due to its bitterness but it CURES MANY DISEASES, AND CANCER TOO! So include this in your food intake for better health benefits.

    The one that discovered this is Dr. Frank Shallenberger who is an expert in anti-aging procedures and cures. He says that the it stops growing of cancer and he advises his patients to take this.

    Even stats show that karela kills even 98% of cancer cells.

    The Colorado University made a study that examined the effects of it on humans with cancer. The results were 5% karela solution lessens pancreas cancer and 64% pancreas tumors.


    • Skin problems
    • Asthma
    • Hypertension
    • Diabetes
    • Better blood pressure (Karela has Polypeptide-P and charantin that make pressure at healthy levels), and treating diabetes 2
    • Belly problems
    • More energy and better metabolism
    • Diminished folate neural tube defects in babies
    • Better immunity and no infections
    • Good vision and no eye issues (since it has beta-carotene)
    • Removing hangover and also detoxing the liver
    • Great Digestion
    • Aids gout and blood flow
    • Hair Health
    • Anti Ageing
    • Cures psoriasis and fungi like Athlete’s foot and also ringworm

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  • Causes of Back Pain

    Back Pain
    Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain that makes it hard to move. It can start quickly if you fall or lift something too heavy, or it can get worse slowly.

    Possible causes of back pain include:
    1. bending awkwardly or for long periods
    2. lifting, carrying, pushing or pulling heavy objects
    3. slouching in chairs
    4. twisting awkwardly
    5. overstretching
    6. driving or sitting in a hunched position or for long periods without taking a break
    7. overusing the muscles – for example, during sport or repetitive movements (repetitive strain injury)
    8. Lifting heavy objects
    9. Being overweight
    10. Not exercising
    11. Smoking
    12. Wearing high heels

    Certain things can increase your chances of developing back pain. These include:

    1. Cauda equina syndrome – the cauda equine is a bundle of spinal nerve roots that arise from the lower end of the spinal cord. People with cauda equine syndrome feel a dull pain in the lower back and upper buttocks, as well as analgesia (lack of feeling) in the buttocks, genitalia and thigh. There are sometimes bowel and bladder function disturbances.

    2. Cancer of the spine – a tumor located on the spine may press against a nerve, resulting in back pain.

    3. Infection of the spine – if the patient has an elevated body temperature (fever) as well as a tender warm area on the back, it could be caused by an infection of the spine.

    4. Sleep disorders – individuals with sleep disorders are more likely to experience back pain, compared to others.

    5. Arthritis: This is a joint disease that causes stiffness, swelling, and inflammation.

    6. Osteoarthritis : This degenerative joint disease happens when your cartilage and bones break down. This most often affects people from middle age onward.

    7. Tumors: In rare cases you can get them in your back. They’re usually spread by a cancer that started somewhere else in your body.


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  • ‘स्क्रब टाइफस’ पहिचान, उपचार र सतर्कता

    scrub typhus, nepal, symptoms, prevention, cure, complications, awareness

    धनकुटा लगायत केहि पहाडी जिल्लाहरुमा स्क्रब टाइफसको संक्रमणको प्रकोप देखिएको छ । यो रोग संक्रमित भुसुना, किर्ना, सुलसुले, उपियाँँ वा सुक्ष्म किराको टोकाइबाट मानिसमा सर्दछ । स्क्रब टाइफस एक प्रकारको जीवाणु ‘रिकेटसिया सुसुगामुसी’ ले संक्रमित सूक्ष्म कीरा (माइट) को टोकाइबाट फैलिन्छ । संक्रमित सुलसुले लगायतका सूक्ष्म कीराले मानिसलाइ टोक्दा उनीहरुको ¥यालमा भएको ‘रिकेटसिया सुसुगामुसी’ जीवाणु रगतमा फैलिन्छ । जापानी शब्द ‘सुसुगा’ को अर्थ सानो र खतरनाक एवं ‘मुसी’ को अर्थ सूक्ष्म कीरा हुन्छ ।

    बेलायतको नेसनल हेल्थ सर्भिस (एनएचएस) का अनुसार रिकेटसियाबाट संक्रमित जुम्राको टोकाइबाट समेत यो संक्रमण हुन्छ । यो स्क्रब टाइफस फैलाउने सूक्ष्म कीरा मुख्यत : झाडी, घाँस जंगल, खेतको छेउछाउ, पहाडी इलाका आदि भएको ठाँउमा रहने मुसा प्रजातिका जनावरमा बढी पाइन्छन् । त्यसैगरी वर्षायाममा पनि सहरी क्षेत्रमा समेत जंगली बोटबिरुवा वा घाँस नजिक यो किराले टोक्ने खतरा रहन्छ । स्क्रब टाइफस जनावरबाट सर्ने तर मानिसबाट मानिसमा सर्ने रोग भने होइन ।

    – १०२ ( १०५ डिग्री फरेन हाइटसम्म ज्वरो आउनु
    – अत्याधिक टाउको दुख्नु
    – सास फेर्न समस्या हुनु,
    – शरीर बाउँडिनु
    – जीउ, जोर्नी र मांसपेशीमा पीडा हुनु
    – खोकी, वाकवाक, वान्ता, पेट दुखाइ र पखालाले सताउनु
    – बढी संक्रमण हुँदा गर्दन, नितम्ब, पाखुरामा गाँठो देखिनु
    – बिरामीको गम्भीरता अनुसार रगतमा प्लेटलेटसको संख्या कम हुनु
    – छाती, पाखुरा, हातखुट्ठासम्म फैलिने गुलाबी बीमिरा देखिनु
    यो रोगको पहिचान विरामीमा देखिएको लक्षण र सूक्ष्म कीराले टोकेको चिनो देखेर पनि गरिन्छ । यसमा रगत परीक्षण अन्तर्गत सीबीसी काउन्ट, लिभर फंग्सन टेस्ट गरिन्छ । स्क्रब टाइफसको एन्टिबडी पत्ता लगाउन एलाइजा टेस्ट र द्रूत परीक्षण समेत गर्न सकिन्छ ।
    एनएचएसका अनुसार स्क्रब टाइफसको आशंका भएका बिरामीलाई प्रयोगशाला प्रतिवेदन आउनुभन्दा पहिलेदेखि नै एन्टिबायोटिक औषधी दिन सकिन्छ ।
    संक्रमितलाई ‘डक्सिसाइक्लिन’ वा ‘टेट्रासाइक्लिन’ एन्टिबायोटिकका माध्यमले उपयुक्त रुपले उपचार गरिए धेरै जसो बिरामीमा ४८ घण्टाभित्रै सुधार देखिन थाल्छ । बिरामीहरु पूर्ण स्वस्थ्य समेत हुन्छन् ।

    टाइफसको समस्या भएका ठाउँहरुमा जाँदा सम्भावित संक्रमणबाट जोगिन चिकित्सकीय सल्लाह अनुसार ‘डक्सिसाइक्लिन’ एन्टिबायोटिक औषधीको एकसाते उपचार प्रक्रिया गर्न सकिने एनएचएसको तथ्यपत्रमा उल्लेख छ । यो प्रक्रिया मुख्य रुपले स्क्रब टाइफसबाट बचाउ गर्न प्रभावकारी छ ।

    स्क्रब टाइफसको उपयुक्त उपचार नगर्दा दीर्घकालीन रुपमा सुन्ने क्षमता गुम्नु, निम्न रक्तचाप, अगंमा क्षति र मृगौला फेल हुनु, निमोनियाको संक्रमण देखिनु, छारे रोगको लक्षण, अन्योल,सुस्त हुने, मासु कुअिनु आदि समस्या देखिन सक्ने एनएचएसले जनाएको छ । यस्ता बिरामी बहुअंग विकार (मल्टि अर्गान डिजअर्डर) को अवस्थामा पुग्छन् ।
    हाल यो संक्रमण धनकुटा, संखुवासभा, भोजपुर,सुनसरी, इलाम धादिङ, चितवन, नुवाकोट, सुर्खेत, मकवानपुर, सिन्धुली, सर्लाही, कास्की, गोरखा, बारा, बर्दिया, दाङ, राजधानी काठमाडौं लगायत २० जिल्ला भन्दा बढी स्थानमा भेटिएको छ । गत वर्ष यो संक्रमण संखुवासभा, भोजपुर, धनकुटा, सिराहा, कैलाली, रामेछाप जिल्लामा देखिएको थियो ।
    हाम्रो मुलुकमा स्क्रब टाइफस बढी मात्रामा बालबालिकामा पाइए पनि यो संक्रमण सबै उमेर समूहमा देखिन्छ । अहिले पुर्वी भेगामा ‘स्क्रब टाइफस’ का संक्रमित बालबालिका बढी रहेको बेला रगत परीक्षण गर्ने किट (उपकरण) अभावमा समस्या भएको छ । यो कीट पूर्वका कुनै पनि अस्पतालमा उपलब्ध छैन ।

    यो नयाँ रोग होइन । व्यक्तिगत सरसफाइ, खाद्य स्वच्छता तथा किर्ना र मुसाको प्रत्यक्ष तथा अप्रत्यक्ष संक्रमणबाट जोगिनु पर्छ । संक्रमणको सुरुमै उपयुक्त एन्टिबायोटिकले उपचार गर्दा रोग निको हुन्छ ।

    लेखकः डा. मदनकुमार उपाध्याय, मेडिकल सुपरिटेन्डेन्ट, धनकुटा अस्पताल

    Source : swasthyakhabar.com

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  • Symptoms and Preventive tips for watery eyes

    Watering eye, also known as epiphora or tearing, is a condition in which there is an overflow of tears onto the face, often without a clear explanation. There is insufficient tear film drainage from the eye(s) – instead of all the tears draining through the nasolacrimal system, they overflow onto the face.

    Watery eyes are characterised by an excess of tears, which can give the eyes a glassy look, and may result in tears running or dripping from the eyes. Some excessive tear production is natural in cold or windy environments, or if a foreign body gets into the eye. However, excessive and constant watering is not normal, and may occur for a number of reasons.

    1. Avoid allergens
    Eye allergies are extremely common and many things can cause them, usually air borne, from dust to pollen, mould and pet fur. They can develop at any point in life and it’s all about reducing as much contact with a suspected allergen as possible. On high pollen-count days for example, try to stay indoors if you can, and wear wrap-around glasses when you go outside. If you wear contact lenses, consider cutting down on wearing them or to switch to daily disposables to cut down on allergen build-up on your lenses.

    2. Put down the smartphone and shut off the laptop
    We’re hardly away from a screen, whether that’s at work or at play and our addiction to our digital advices is having a knock-on effect on our eye health. Computer vision syndrome is thought to affect between 60 and 90pc of people who work with computers, which leads to eye fatigue, where symptoms include blurred vision, watering or sometimes dry eyes and difficulty focussing. Part of the reason computers cause eye fatigue is because we tend to blink less when looking at a screen with studies suggesting that we only blink half as much when we’re on computers or smartphones in comparison to the normal rate of 18 times a minute.

    3. Practise safe make-up
    Eye cosmetics are safe but it’s also necessary to be scrupulous about hygiene because eye make-up can also be harbingers of germs. Replace mascaras every two to four months and never, ever wet mascara that has dried up with saliva or water. Regularly clean eye make-up applicators, and if your eyes are any way sensitive, avoid multi-tasking products and only use eye pencils on eyes and lip pencils on lips. When it comes to putting on make-up avoid anything iridescent or sparkly, which can irritate eyes, and don’t apply mascara at the base of your eyeline and try and keep away from the lash roots. If your eyes are sensitive, use products specifically designed for this problem. Also, it’s never a good idea to share eye cosmetics with someone, no matter how good a friend they are.

    4. Remove your contact lenses
    If your eyes just won’t seem to stop watering, try removing your contact lenses. Contacts can make watery eyes worse while also potentially preventing eye drops from working. Talk to your ophthalmologist if you think your contacts might be to blame for your watery eyes.

    5. Winterproof your eyes
    The calendar tells us that spring is here but with Met Eireann warning us that spring isn’t going to happen until March, we can expect some harsh weather yet to come. Winter is incredibly hard on eyes with the cold air being a natural irritant. Dry eye syndrome is a common result and strange as it sounds, one of the symptoms of this is watering eyes, because excess tears are produced to help with lubrication. On cold days, no matter how cloudy it is and how ridiculous you might feel, wear sunglasses.

    6. Use eye drops or “artificial tears.”
    It may sound counterintuitive to use artificial tears for watery eyes, but you can actually use eye drops to stop watery eyes. Eye drops work well when your eyes are watering because of excessive dryness. Eye drops will help to moisten and lubricate the eyes, which will lead to a decreased production of tears.

    7. Make an eye compress to soothe irritated eyes
    Warm compresses help to remove crust from the eyes while also working to loosen up any toxins that might be blocking your tear ducts. They also help to reduce the redness and irritation that often comes with watery eyes. Run a washcloth under warm to hot water, squeeze out the excess water, and then lay the washcloth across your eyes. Lie down and keep the cloth there for five to 10 minutes.

    8. Wear sunglasses
    Sunglasses shield your eyes from harsh UV rays that can cause your eyes to water. Sunglasses can also act as a shield against particles and other debris that gets swept up by the wind and could potentially blow into your eyes.


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  • Know Your Health Numbers

    It’s time to take charge of your health! Schedule an appointment with your health care provider to discuss what screenings and exams you need and when you need them. Regular health exams and tests can help find problems before they start. They also can help find problems early, when your chances for treatment and cure are better. By getting the right health services, screenings, and treatments, you are taking steps that help your chances for living a longer, healthier life. Your age, health and family history, lifestyle choices (i.e. what you eat, how active you are, whether you smoke), and other important factors impact what and how often you need healthcare. So here are the major health numbers that you should be aware of and stay healthy.

    The body mass index (BMI) makes it possible to estimate the excess fat in the body and to define weight categories. The higher the BMI, the greater the risks related to obesity. To calculate it, you simply divide your weight in kg by your height in meters squared.

    Formula for calculating BMI (kg/m²) = weight (kg)/height (m) * height (m)

    Calculating BMI
    BMI between 18.5 and 25: Normal Weight        (Normal
    BMI between 25 and 30: Overweight        (Average)
    BMI between 30 and 40: Obesity       (Important)
    BMI above 40: Morbid Obesity   (servege)

    Cholesterol — < 200
    HDL — 40 — 60
    LDL — < 100
    VLDL — < 30
    Triglycerides — < 150

    Borderline –200 — 239
    High —- > 240
    V.High — > 250

    Borderline –130 —159
    High — 160 — 189
    V.High — > 190

    Borderline – 150 — 199
    High — 200 — 499
    V.High — > 500

    1.50 Lac —- 4.50 Lac

    Vitamin-D — 50 —- 80
    Uric Acid — 3.50 — 7.20

    Urea — 17 — 43
    Calcium — 8.80 — 10.60
    Sodium — 136 — 146
    Protein — 6.40 — 8.30

    120/80 — Normal
    130/85 –Normal (Control)
    140/90 — High
    150/95 — V.High

    LOW BP
    120/80 — Normal
    110/75 — Normal (Control)
    100/70 — Low
    90//65 — V.Low

    Glucose (F) — 70 — 100
    (12 hrs Fasting)
    Glucose (PP) — 70 — 140
    (2 hrs after eating)
    Glucose (R) — 70 — 140
    (After 2 hrs)

    Male — 13 — 17
    Female — 11 — 15
    RBC Count — 4.50 — 5.50

    72 per minute (standard)
    60 — 80 p.m. (Normal)
    40 — 180 p.m.(abnormal)

    98.4 F (Normal)
    99.0 F Above (Fever)

    *Heart Attacks And Drinking Warm Water:*

    This is a very good article. Not only about the warm water after your meal, but about Heart Attack’s . The Chinese and Japanese drink hot tea with their meals, not cold water, maybe it is time we adopt their drinking habit while eating. For those who like to drink cold water, this article is applicable to you. It is very Harmful to have Cold Drink/Water during a meal. Because, the cold water will solidify the oily stuff that you have just consumed. It will slow down the digestion. Once this ‘sludge’ reacts with the acid, it will break down and be absorbed by the intestine faster than the solid food. It will line the intestine. Very soon, this will turn into fats and lead to cancer . It is best to drink hot soup or warm water after a meal.

    Drink one glass of warm water just when you are about to go to bed to avoid clotting of the blood at night to avoid heart attacks or strokes.


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  • Urinary Tract Infection(UTI) in Women

    Defination of urinary tract infection (UTI):

    A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra.
    Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying. However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to your kidneys.

    What Causes UTIs in Women ?

    UTIs are a key reason we’re often told to wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. That’s because the urethra — the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body — is located close to the anus. Bacteria from the large intestine, such as E. coli, are in the perfect position to escape the anus and invade the urethra. From there, they can travel up to the bladder, and if the infection isn’t treated, continue on to infect the kidneys. Women may be especially prone to UTIs because they have shorter urethras, which allow bacteria quick access to the bladder. Having sex can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract, too.

    Symptoms of UTIs

    To identify a UTI, keep an eye out for the following symptoms:

    • A burning feeling, strong, persistent urge when you urinate
    • A frequent or intense urge to urinate, even though little comes out when you do
    • Urine that appears cloudy
    • Urine that appears red, bright pink or cola-colored — a sign of blood in the urine
    • Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strange-smelling urine
    • Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen
    • Pelvic pain, in women — especially in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone
    • Feeling tired or shaky
    • Fever or chills (a sign the infection may have reached your kidneys)

    The type of UTI depends on which part of your urinary tract is infected.

    Part of urinary tract affected Signs and symptoms
    Kidneys (acute pyelonephritis) Upper back and side (flank) pain
    High fever
    Shaking and chills
    Bladder (cystitis) Pelvic pressure
    Lower abdomen discomfort
    Frequent, painful urination
    Blood in urine
    Urethra (urethritis) Burning with urination

    Home remedies:

    Urinary tract infections can be painful, but you can take steps to ease your discomfort until antibiotics treat the infection. Follow these tips:

    • Drink plenty of water. Water helps to dilute your urine and flush out bacteria.
    • Avoid drinks that may irritate your bladder. Avoid coffee, alcohol, and soft drinks containing citrus juices or caffeine until your infection has cleared. They can irritate your bladder and tend to aggravate your frequent or urgent need to urinate.
    • Use a heating pad. Apply a warm, but not hot, heating pad to your abdomen to minimize bladder pressure or discomfort.

    Tests, Treatments and drugs for UTIs :

    If you suspect you have a urinary tract infection, head to the doctor. You’ll be asked to give a urine sample, which will be tested for the presence of UTI-causing bacteria. The treatment? Antibiotics to kill the intruders. As always, be sure to finish off the prescribed cycle of medicine completely, even after you start to feel better. And drink lots of water to help flush the bacteria from your system. Your doctor may prescribe a medication to soothe the pain, and a heating pad may also be helpful.
    Antibiotics usually are the first line treatment for urinary tract infections. Which drugs are prescribed and for how long depend on your health condition and the type of bacteria found in your urine.

    Simple infection:

    Drugs commonly recommended for simple UTIs include:

    • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
    • Fosfomycin
    • Nitrofurantoin
    • Ciprofloxacin
    • Levofloxacin
    • Cephalexin
    • Ceftriaxone
    • Azithromycin
    • Doxycycline
    • Ofloxacin

    Often, symptoms clear up within a few days of treatment. But you may need to continue antibiotics for a week or more. Take the entire course of antibiotics as prescribed.

    For an uncomplicated UTI that occurs when you’re otherwise healthy, your doctor may recommend a shorter course of treatment, such as taking an antibiotic for one to three days. But whether this short course of treatment is enough to treat your infection depends on your particular symptoms and medical history.

    Your doctor may also prescribe a pain medication (analgesic) that numbs your bladder and urethra to relieve burning while urinating, but pain usually is relieved soon after starting an antibiotic. One common side effect of urinary tract analgesics is discolored urine — orange or red.

    Frequent infections:

    If you have frequent UTIs, your doctor may make certain treatment recommendations, such as:

    • Low dose antibiotics, initially for six months but sometimes longer
    • Self-diagnosis and treatment, if you stay in touch with your doctor
    • A single dose of antibiotic after sexual intercourse if your infections are related to sexual activity
    • Vaginal estrogen therapy if you’re postmenopausal

    Severe infection:

    For a severe UTI, you may need treatment with intravenous antibiotics in a hospital.

    Source : mayoclinic.org

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  • 10 Health Benefits of Green Tea

    Tea, the second most consumed drink next to water in the world has a history as ancient as the Chinese culture. Throughout the ages it has sparked controversy on multiple continents, was thought to be the secret to longevity, been a source of inspiration for poetry and story telling, and for a few, tea brewing was and is, an art that is only mastered after many years.

    1. Balancing blood sugar levels
    EGCG improves insulin use in the body to prevent blood sugar spikes and crashes that can result in fatigue, irritability, and cravings for unhealthy foods.

    2. Good for your bones
    Move over, milk. Green tea could help slow the process of age-related bone loss and decrease the risk of fractures caused by osteoporosis, according to a study published in the journal Nutrition Research. Women who drank up to three cups of tea per day had a 30 percent lower risk of osteoporosis-related hip fractures, researchers found.

    3. Lower your cholesterol
    Green tea has been linked to lower levels of LDL, the “bad” cholesterol, according to a paper published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Overall, tea drinkers had slightly lower levels of LDL than those who did not drink green tea.

    4. Diabetes
    It also apparently helps to regulate the sugar level in your body. It contains an ingredient namely the catechins that is helpful in keeping one’s blood pressure, sugar level and cholesterol level low.

    5. Good for Brain.
    It is said that what is usually good for your heart is equally good to your brain. One of the amazing benefits of drinking green tea is that you can improve your memory power. It is also proven to prevent the formation of plaques that is associated with development of Alzheimer and Parkinson disease.

    6. Stress and Depression
    This is one of the magical benefits of green tea . It really reduces stress and keeps depression away. It contains theanine that has been shown to produce a calming effect. You can also try the tea extract to calm you down and help you think better.

    7. Skincare
    The antioxidants in green tea can counteract the effects of free radicals, which are harmful to the skin. When applied topically, green tea can reduce sun damage and rejuvenate the skin.

    8. Perfect for Weight Loss:
    Drinking green tea is the best exercise and medicine for those looking to lose weight in a comfortable way. Even people who are obese and cannot afford to exercise their body can dream to shape their figure the right way. However, drinking green tea may not fetch instant results but you will be giving yourself an edge. Catechin, caffeine and theanine (an amino acid), the great trio, found in green tea collectively helps in reducing weight loss reduces bloating.

    9. Anti Aging Benefits:
    Growth of free radicals in the body can damage your skin and aging of your body cells. This is usually referred as skin aging. Free radicals do occur naturally, but their concentration doubles when your skin is exposed to UV radiation, pollution and chemicals present in atmosphere. EGCG is 200 times more powerful than Vitamin E at destroying free radicals. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) one of the chemicals produced by human body has the power to whisk away free radicals, which prevent the damage of bodies cells and helps to reduce wrinkling. Catechins present in green tea improve the activity of SOD, and boosts the body’s ability to fight free radical affects.

    10. Good for Oral Health:
    Green tea is a great natural source of fluoride, and a compound that is added to drinking water in order to prevent tooth decay. Green tea in combination with its anti-bacterial effects provides a great natural way to help strengthen your teeth, which reduces bad breath. Because green tea controls bacteria, it lowers the acidity of saliva and dental plaque to prevent cavities. Its anti-inflammatory powers seem to help control periodontal (gum) disease., and also help killing the microbes which make our mouths stinky.


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  • Loose your weight, upto eight kilograms in just seven days

    Here’s the seven-day diet plan that can help reduce your body weight by five to eight kilograms.

    Day 1: Eat Nothing but Fruits
    The first day should be completely about fruits. Don’t eat anything, not even vegetables or a small piece of chocolate. You can eat any fruits you want, but skip the bananas. The best fruits include cantaloupe, watermelon, strawberries, peaches, and custard apples. If you get thirsty, drink plenty of water, at least eight glasses.

    Day 2: It’s All-Vegetable Day
    Day two is just like day one, but instead of fruits, you should only consume vegetables. You can eat them raw or cooked, but don’t add oil when you cook them. Once again, drink eight to 12 glass of water whenever you are thirsty.

    Day 3: Combine Fruits and Vegetables
    On this day, you can eat any fruit and vegetable you want, but you can’t touch bananas and potatoes. Once again, drink eight to 12 glass of water whenever you are thirsty.

    Day 4: Banana and Milk
    Now you should eat Bananas. You need to eat at least eight bananas and drink three to four glasses of milk.

    Day 5: Rice and Tomatoes
    This day is called the feast day because you can have a cup of rice for lunch and eat six tomatoes throughout the whole day. You need to increase your water intake on day five. Your body will produce more uric acid due to the tomatoes you will eat, so drink up to 15 glasses of water.

    Day 6: Rice and Veggies
    Here’s another feast day in this diet plan where you can have one cup of rice during lunchtime and choose any vegetable you like. Same thing, drink eight to 12 glass of water whenever you are thirsty.

    Day 7: The Finale
    Finally, you have reached the end of the diet where you consume one cup of rice, vegetables, and fruit juice. The fruit juice you drink will flush out the toxins in your system, which makes this a perfect way to end the diet plan.

    The key is to eat the right foods whenever you are hungry, which makes this diet plan not only effective, but also a healthy way to lose weight.

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